Sushi ingredients are widely divided into four categories. These are the main ingredient (neta) such as raw fish, the sushi rice (shari), condiments (yakumi), and seasonings (soy sauce, sea salt) .
Main Ingredient (Neta)
Themainingredient is mainly raw seafood. There are other non-seafoodingredients, but they are mostly complimentary ingredients.The main ingredients can be categorized into the following:
Sushi Rice (Shari)
Thesushi rice is a mixture of cooked Japanese rice and a blended sushivinegar, which consists of rice vinegar, salt, sugar, rice wine, sweet rice wine,andkelp. They are mixed with the rice to enhance theflavors of the main ingredient.
Yakumi directly translates to “medicinal flavor”. As the name implies, most of them have strong anti-bacterial properties. Although wasabiis generally used, there are many other variations tailored to each main ingredient.
The basic seasoning for sushi is soy sauce. Sometimes sea salt is used instead to taste the ingredient’s full flavors. Ponzu, or soy sauce blended with citrus is frequently used for lighter tasting fishes. The soy sauce can also be blended with other ingredients depending on the chef’s taste.